Monday, 23 April 2018

5 Common Foot Problems

There are 42 muscles and 26 bones in a foot. Our feet can be considered evolutionary marvel, skilled for handling several tons of force every day. The many parts of the foot including, the heel, toes, and ball, synchronize. However, the stress of taking us out to places can put the feet at a lot of risk for injury.

A lot of foot problems, including blisters, hammertoes, bunions, calluses and corns, heel spurs, mallet toes and claw, ingrown toenails, athlete’s foot, can develop because of neglect, wear and tear and ill-fitting shoes.

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Athlete’s foot:

Formed by a fungus conducive for dark, warm, and moist environments such as the areas in-between the foot bottoms or toes, athlete’s foot may intensify the skin and cause a scaly, white rash. Athlete’s foot fungus may cause burning, itching, peeling, and at times a slight odor. The best way of avoiding athlete's foot is by keeping your toes and feet dry and clean. Make sure you change your socks and shoes regularly. Antifungal sprays or creams can be used for treating athlete’s foot.

Hammertoes:

In case the fourth, third or second toe is crossed, or if it is pointing at a strange angle, you could have hammertoe. The problem is often caused by ill-fitting footwear. During early stages, wearing foot pads or inserts can assist in repositioning your toe, but then it gets fixed in the position which is bent.

Blisters:


You will never have blisters if you wear shoes that are properly fitted. Mild pockets of fluid filled skin, blisters can be very painful and can make it difficult to walk. It is extremely important to never pick at them. Make sure the area is cleaned thoroughly and open the area closest to the underside of the foot using a sterilized needle. Drain out the blister, cover with ointment and bandage.

Calluses and corns:

Calluses and corns form after constant rubbing against the shoe. Corns usually appear on the sides and tops of the toes and also in-between the toes. Calluses tend to form on the foot’s bottom, particularly under the balls or heels, and the sides. Such flattened skin cell patches can be painful and hard. To get relief from pain, you must try placing padding or moleskin around calluses and corns. Do not try cutting or removing calluses and corns on your own — see a podiatrist immediately.

It's extremely common to confuse plantar fasciitis and heel spurs. 70% of the patients suffer from heel spurs that look like plantar fasciitis. Heel spurs are essentially bone pieces that develop at the base of the heel bone and often grow after one has had plantar fasciitis. While the heel spurs are not painful; it's the irritation and inflammation caused by plantar fasciitis that may end up hurting.

Foot problems can become excruciating painful if not tended to on time. It is a good idea to see a podiatrist and seek treatment for keeping your feet in good condition. 

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