Friday, 26 April 2013

Improper footwear and foot problems

Foot diseases affect more than 70% of the population all around the world. It is very essential to maintain healthy foot in order to prevent infectious diseases. A poor fitting footwear can lead to reduced blood supply to the feet and increased pressure thereby leading to various foot diseases like bunions, callus, corn, hammer foot and foot cramps. It is of great importance to invest in a good pair of shoes that can make your feet comfortable and prevent various foot diseases.

Bunions are the most commonly occurring foot problem among the old people. It develops as an abnormal growth at the base of the toe. They grow at abnormal angles and hence can cause pain and inflammation on the feet. They can also create more pressure on the feet by restricting the blood vessels and causing tenderness around the toes. This condition can be avoided by wearing the right shoes that can make your feet comfortable. Sometimes, bunions can lead to hammertoe which is a deformity of the joint positioning in the toes.

There are presence of dead skin cells in the affected feet and this can lead to the development of corns and calluses. The condition can get aggravated by wearing improperly fitting shoes. The most common places that are affected on the feet are the toes and sole. Most of the old people experience a condition called tarsal tunnel syndrome that is associated with deformity on the ankle and the foot. This condition can affect the nerves present in the feet leading to numbness, pain and tingling sensation.

Calluses and corns are also the common foot problems among all age groups. They can occurs due to various reasons such as improper fitting shoes and increased frictions. They usually occur over the bunions and can lead to painful ulcers on the feet. They are usually of two different type’s namely hard and soft corn. Pain in the heels can affect the ability to walk and this is usually caused due to the presence of bone spurs or ill-fitting shoes.

Many individuals also have toenail problems that occur as a result of trauma and improper fitting shoes. The toenails become thick and discoloured. Fungal infections in the feet can lead to yellowish discolouration in the feet. Plantar fasciitis is a serious foot condition that occurs on the bottom of the foot. They can cause pain and discomfort while walking. This condition can act as a precursor to various diseases like painful ulcers and spurs. Foot cramps are caused due to various factors likes malnutrition, improper blood circulation and foot exertion.

By wearing the right shoes one can lessen the problem of foot cramps. It is very essential to wash your feet every day in order to avoid bacterial and viral infections. Foot problems that cause pain and inflammation require immediate medical attention. Infections that are not treated can lead to various complications. Simple exercises like stretching can loosen the muscles and prevent various foot problems.

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